How to recognize high blood pressure
Hypertension: recognize, treat and prevent symptoms of hypertension
How to recognize high blood pressure
High blood pressure is difficult to recognize for those affected because its symptoms are not clear. Regular checks and a healthy lifestyle can help. Nobody should underestimate hypertension: If left untreated, it shortens the lifetime.
The treacherous high blood pressure (hypertension): There are no clear symptoms. Many sufferers feel well and do not notice. Hypertension is therefore also called a “dumb disease”. Especially when the blood pressure is permanently high, the body has long since lived on it.
Often it is only noticed when organs are already damaged. This is especially the case with the small blood vessels in the brain, eyes, heart and kidneys. Thus, high blood pressure contributes to the development of secondary diseases such as heart attacks and strokes.
Symptoms of high blood pressure can be:
Headache (especially at night and in the morning)
Dizziness and tearing
Pressure / tightness in the heart area
shortness of breath
Nervousness, irritability, difficulty concentrating
Nausea / vomiting
All of these symptoms are also found in many other diseases. To detect the danger early enough, you should regularly check your blood pressure and know the six high blood pressure warning signs .
Recognize warning signs : Typical symptoms and signs of hypertension
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Primary and secondary hypertension
When it comes to high blood pressure, without an organic cause is recognizable, it is called the so-called essential hypertension , also called primary hypertension . This is the case in 90 percent of all hypertensive patients. A secondary hypertension is present in 10 percent of those affected. They are responsible for a condition such as the narrowing of the renal arteries for hypertension.
A special form of high blood pressure is pulmonary hypertension . This is an elevated blood pressure within the pulmonary circulation, which is usually very low at about 15 mmHg. Values of 25 mmHg are referred to as pulmonary hypertension. By comparison, in the systemic circulation, the blood pressure is between 80 and 100 mmHg. About one percent of the adult population suffers from pulmonary hypertension. He may also be alone or in consequence of another illness.
Hypertension Values: What’s too high?
Hypertension is when the upper (systolic) value is 140 mmHg or more and the lower (diastolic) value is 90 mmHg or more. Even if only one of the two values is elevated, it is high blood pressure. Also important is the ratio of the two values. A huge difference between systole and diastole is a risk factor for further heart disease .
How To Measure Correctly : Blood pressure can be measured on the arm or wrist. The position of the blood pressure cuff is important: It must always be at heart level when measuring. Holding the arm or wrist above the level of the heart, the pressure is displayed too low. If the cuff is kept below the level of the heart, the pressure is measured too high. Use a high-quality device to get the correct measurement results. For example, the German Hypertension League awards appropriate test seals for blood pressure measurement devices.
Caution is advised when the blood pressure levels shoot up rapidly and suddenly, causing inner restlessness, shortness of breath and pressure on the chest or head: These symptoms can be a blood pressure crisis. This threatens damage to the heart and organs.
If you measure a blood pressure of more than 220/120 mm Hg you should call your GP immediately. You should be aware of the following symptoms:
difficulty in breathing
Pain, burning or a strong feeling of pressure in the chest (angina pectoris)
Dizziness, possibly also in connection with headaches
Seizures (as in epilepsy)
Paralysis or speech disorders
Blurred vision or double vision
Nosebleeds that can not be quenched within 5 minutes
Drowsiness or unconsciousness
Once these symptoms occur alone or in combination, contact your GP immediately. If this is not possible, call the ambulance at 112.
The consequences of hypertension
High blood pressure is one of the common causes of a stroke or heart attack. If left untreated, it permanently damages many vital organs of the body. This includes:
Damage to the heart : It needs to pump harder against the increased pressure. His muscle is getting thicker and the heart is working worse. The heart vessels are damaged and narrowed, which can lead to a heart attack (coronary heart disease). Due to the permanent overload of the heart, its pumping power is weakened.
High blood pressure changes the vessels and structure of the kidneys and can lead to kidney failure.
In the eye , vascular changes can occur, leading to bleeding and blindness.
In the brain, high blood pressure damages the small vessels and leads to decreasing mental performance, but also to vascular occlusion or cerebral hemorrhage (stroke).
The legs are poorly supplied with blood, which leads to cramping and pain while walking, non-healing ulcers to vascular occlusions (“Schaufenstiesterheit” or smoker’s leg).
A poor blood circulation can lead to erectile dysfunction .
It can vasodilation occur. The so-called aneurysms can burst and cause life-threatening bleeding, especially in the main artery or in the brain.
The higher the blood pressure values are and the longer they are not treated, the greater the damage in the body. Untreated high blood pressure definitely shortens the lifespan: Statistically, life expectancy for untreated hypertension decreases by as much as eleven years.
Conversely, even a drop in hypertension of two mmHg leads on average to a reduction in the fatal stroke rate of ten percent.