Sun allergy: symptoms and treatment
Three skin types
When sun exposure is especially sturdy, some folks develop sun hypersensitivity reaction symptoms. The main triggers are the UV-A rays. Which first signs indicate an allergy and how they can express themselves, read here.
Sun allergy symptoms: First signs
Especially in summer, many people complain about complaints that they notice after some time in the blazing sun. Especially people with pale skin who expose themselves to strong sunlight for the first time after a long time can be affected by a sun allergy. Physicians speak in this skin reaction of a polymorphic photodermatosis (PLD).
It is not uncommon for the symptoms to develop after hours or even days and to be similar to a nickel allergy . The first signs of sun allergy can be a very reddened skin, which is accompanied by pain, and an unpleasant itching, which plagues the person concerned.
First and foremost, the symptoms of sun allergy appear in particularly sensitive areas such as the neck, face and décolleté. But even on the arms and legs may occur a rash.
Sun allergy symptoms and skin types
The symptoms of sun allergy can affect the skin differently for each individual. Physicians divide the sun hypersensitivity reaction into 3 skin varieties. The first is called Papulöser type, it is the most common form of sun allergy.
There are small thickening of the skin at those places that have gotten too much sun. These so-called papules on the skin are quite small, but some have little bleeding. Many people report a strong itching.
The second type, which manifests itself in a kind of rash, is the plaque type. This results in flat, about two centimeters large skin changes. As a third form, physicians speak of the Papulovesikulösen type, which is noticeable on the skin both by papules and by blisters.
Measures against sun allergy
The sun should be taboo for now. With ointments or creams that contain corticosteroids, such as hydrocortisone, they can accelerate healing. Those who also suffer from itching can counteract with antihistamines. These are preparations, usually tablets containing antiallergic agents and are used for the treatment of pollen allergy. In low dosage, they are available for free sale in pharmacies.
If you are also plagued with severe rash and itching, it is better to see a doctor and stay dressed in the shade! When in the sun, a good sunscreen with a high sun protection factor of at least 30 and UV-A and UV-B filters is essential. Anyone who has sensitive skin can resort to sunscreens that are suitable for people with allergies. It also helps to gradually get used to the UV radiation at the next sunbathing.
Home remedies for sun allergy
Quark or yoghurt: Both relieve the symptoms of sun allergy. The milk products cool and soothe.
Cold Envelopes: Cooling also helps relieve pain and itching.
Aloe vera: The active ingredients of the plant moisturize the skin and the gel cools. But it should not contain any perfume that could irritate the skin again.
Other home remedies and their effect we have put together in the article “What home remedies help with sun allergy”.
Incidentally, sun allergy is not an allergy in the true sense. The name is not correct. The actual cause is, as described, not clarified. Dermatologists, however, suspect that the skin is under oxidative stress. Intense UV radiation burdens the skin immensely. The intensive sunbathing creates free radicals, which are highly reactive oxygen molecules that damage the skin and thus cause it to age.